A Critical Thinking Mini-Guide For Children?
a young age, children are capable of learning some of the
foundational critical thinking concepts and skills. Though
they are largely egocentric, children can nevertheless begin
to think about how their behavior affects other people. They
can begin to take thinking apart (to focus, for example, on
purpose, questions, information, inferences, in thinking).
They can begin to apply intellectual standards to their thinking
(such as clarity, accuracy, relevance and logicalness). They
can begin to develop intellectual virtues (such as intellectual
perseverance, intellectual humility, and intellectual integrity).
The Miniature Guide
to Critical Thinking for Children introduces children to some
of the most basic concepts in critical thinking, making these
concepts accessible to them through simplified language.
The simplest way
to use the guide is to foster student questioning using the
model questions throughout the guide. If teachers routinely
ask these questions of their children and regularly encourage
children to ask these questions of their classmates, they
will be pleased with the results. Thinking is question-driven.
When children have no questions, they have no motivation to
learn, to inquire, to discover. When teachers regularly focus
on the questions in The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking
for Children, students learn to formulate questions that improve
Teachers who use
the guide may also be interested in obtaining its accompanying
Teacher's Manual. The manual provides suggestions for using
The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking for Children and
for teaching basic critical thinking concepts. It also contains
"Think for Yourself" activities for children to
help them internalize critical thinking ideas.
Companions to this
mini-guide are 1) the set of masks of Fairminded Fran, Selfish
Sam and Naive Nancy and 2) a children's book that introduces
the concepts of fairmindedness and selfishness.