including: Table of Contents, overviews and selected pages.
Clinical Reasoning

Get Adobe Reader


Clinical Reasoning

Author: Dr. David Hawkins, Dr. Linda Elder and Dr. Richard Paul
Publisher: Foundation for Critical Thinking
Copyright: 2010
Pages: 58
Dimensions: 51/4" x 8"
ISBN (13Digit): 978-0-944583-42-5

Kindle Version

Limited desk copies available for educators in paper format. Please email to inquire.

Clinical Reasoning- Introduces the clinician or clinical student to the foundations of critical thinking (primarily focusing on the analysis and assessment of thought), and offers examples of their application to the field.

For orders of 500 or more copies, please email us at for special pricing. 

Retail Price: $26.99


SKU: Title - Item Detail Price Add Items
564M The Thinker’s Guide to Clinical Reasoning Qty.

Additional Information About:
Clinical Reasoning

Clinical reasoning can be defined as thinking through the various aspects of patient
care to arrive at a reasonable decision regarding the prevention, diagnosis, or
treatment of a clinical problem in a specific patient. Patient care includes history
taking, conducting a physical exam, ordering laboratory tests and diagnostic
procedures, designing safe and effective treatment regimens or preventive strategies,
and providing patient education and counseling.
Obviously, the clinician should be well grounded in biomedical and clinical
sciences and skillful at gathering clinical data from a patient before engaging in
the process of clinical reasoning. This guide does not address the knowledge and
skills required to competently gather and interpret clinical data. Rather, the guide is
intended to help clinicians take the next step, which is determining the best course
of action to take based on what is known or what can reasonably be hypothesized from
clinical data. So, it isn’t enough to have a strong background in biomedical sciences
or to possess excellent clinical knowledge, nor to know how to conduct a history and
physical exam on a patient, or even to know how to formulate a differential diagnosis
given the signs, symptoms, and test results of a patient.
n addition to all of this, there is still a need to think critically about all the
important information pertaining to a particular case and to formulate or synthesize
a rational plan of action. In short, clinical reasoning requires critical thinking skills,
abilities and traits which are often not taught in schools and colleges for the health
This guide focuses on a framework for critical thinking relevant to all domains of
human thought and is specifically focused on clinical reasoning. The suggestions and
conclusions herein are consistent with the suggestions and conclusions found in the
works of prominent thinkers in the clinical fields.