This powerful book introduces core critical thinking concepts and principles as an empowering problem-solving framework for every profession, course of study, and indeed every area of life. The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools distills the groundbreaking work of Richard Paul and Linda Elder, targeting how to deconstruct thinking through the elements of reasoning and how to assess the quality of our thinking.
The eighth edition of this guide further details the foundations of critical thinking and how they can be applied in instruction to improve teaching and learning at all levels; it also reveals how we can learn to identify and avoid egocentric and sociocentric thought, which lead to close-mindedness, self-deception, arrogance, hypocrisy, greed, selfishness, herd mentality, prejudice, and the like.
With more than half a million copies sold, Richard Paul and Linda Elder’s bestselling book in the Thinker’s Guide Library is used in secondary and higher education courses and professional development seminars across the globe. In a world of conflicting information and clashing ideologies, this guide clears a path for advancing fairminded critical societies.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers / The Foundation for Critical Thinking Pages: 48 • Trim: 4½ x 6 978-1-5381-3494-8 • Paperback • September 2019 • $11.99 • (£7.95) 978-1-5381-3495-5 • eBook • September 2019 • $11.00 • (£7.95)
Additional Information About: The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts & Tools
Everyone thinks; it is our nature to do so. But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed or down-right prejudiced. Yet the quality of our life and that of what we produce, make, or build depends precisely on the quality of our thought. Shoddy thinking is costly, both in money and in quality of life. Excellence in thought, however, must be systematically cultivated.
Critical thinking is the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it. Critical thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking. It requires rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use. It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities and a commitment to overcoming our native egocentrism and sociocentrism.
Concepts and Tools
This miniature guide focuses on of the essence of critical thinking concepts and tools distilled into pocket size. For faculty, it provides a shared concept of critical thinking. For students, it is a critical thinking supplement to any textbook for any course. Faculty can use it to design instruction, assignments, and tests in any subject. Students can use it to improve their learning in any content area. It's generic skills apply to all subjects. For example, critical thinkers are clear as to the purpose at hand and the question at issue. They question information, conclusions, and points of view. They strive to be clear, accurate, precise, and relevant. They seek to think beneath the surface, to be logical, and fair. They apply these skills to their reading and writing as well as to their speaking and listening. They apply them in history, science, math, philosophy, and the arts; in professional and personal life.
Table of Contents
Introduction Why Critical Thinking? Stages of Critical Thinking Development A Substantive Approach to Critical Thinking Critical Thinkers Routinely Apply Intellectual Standards to the Elements of Reasoning Three Types of Character
The Elements of Thought Questions Using the Elements of Thought A Checklist for Reasoning The Figuring Mind Universal Intellectual Standards Some Essential Intellectual Standards for All Human Thought Where Do Intellectual Standards Come From?
Intellectual Virtues of the Fairminded Critical Thinker Essential Intellectual Traits How Intellectual Virtues Are Interrelated
The Spirit of Critical Thinking Template for Analyzing the Logic of an Article Criteria for Evaluating Reasoning A Template for Problem-Solving Analyzing and Assessing Research Three Kinds of Questions Three Levels of Thought The Human Mind Is Frequently Irrational While Having the Capacity for Rational Thought Humans Often Distort Reality Through Irrational Lenses The Problem of Egocentric Thinking Feelings That Accompany Egocentrism The Problem of Sociocentric Thinking Primary Forms of Sociocentric Thought Unethical Pursuit of Group Agendas
Envisioning Critical Societies Twenty Barriers to Critical Societies