Tactics that Encourage
Use the following
tactics during class to ensure that students are actively engaged
in thinking about the content. Students should be called on randomly
(using the deck of cards method for instance) so that everyone
participates. When students do not know when they will be called
on they are much more likely to remain alert and engaged in the
learning process. Students should be routinely called upon to:
- Summarize or put
into their own words what the teacher or another student has
- Elaborate on what
they have said.
- Relate the issue
or content to their own knowledge and experience.
- Give examples to
clarify or support what they have said.
- Make connections
between related concepts.
- Restate the instructions
or assignment in their own words.
- State the question
- Describe to what
extent their point of view on the issue is different from or
similar to the point of view of the instructor, other students,
the author, etc.
- Take a few minutes
to write down any of the above.
- Write down the
most pressing question on their mind at this point. The instructor
then uses the above tactics to help students reason through
- Discuss any of
the above with a partner and then participate in a group discussion
facilitated by the instructor.