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Library of Critical Thinking Resources

About Critical Thinking
Defining Critical Thinking
International Critical Thinking Manifesto
Critical Societies: Thoughts from the Past
About Critical Thinking
Research in Critical Thinking
Sumner’s Definition of Critical Thinking
Our Concept and Definition of Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking: Basic Questions & Answers
A Brief History of the Idea of Critical Thinking

Richard Paul Anthology

  Critical Thinking: What Every Person Needs to Survive in a Rapidly Changing World

Fundamentals of Critical Thinking
Content Is Thinking, Thinking Is Content
Critical Thinking in Every Domain of Knowledge and Belief
Using Intellectual Standards to Assess Student Reasoning
Open-Minded Inquiry
Valuable Intellectual Traits
Universal Intellectual Standards
Thinking With Concepts
The Role of Socratic Questioning in Teaching, Thinking and Learning
The Analysis & Assessment of Thinking
Glossary of Critical Thinking Terms
Distinguishing Between Inert Information, Activated Ignorance, Activated Knowledge
Critical Thinking: Identifying the Targets
Distinguishing Between Inferences and Assumptions
Critical Thinking Development: A Stage Theory
The Elements of Reasoning and the Intellectual Standards
Becoming a Critic of Your Thinking
Bertrand Russell on Critical Thinking

Documenting the Problem
Intellectual Foundations: The Key Missing Piece in School Restructuring
Pseudo Critical Thinking in the Educational Establishment
Research Findings and Policy Recommendations
Why Students and Teachers Don’t Reason Well
Critical Thinking in the Engineering Enterprise: Novices Typically Don't Even Know What Questions to Ask
Critical Thinking Movement: 3 Waves

Higher Education Instruction
An Overview of How to Design Instruction Using Critical Thinking Concepts
Recommendations for Departmental Self-Evaluation
College-Wide Grading Standards
Sample Course: American History: 1600 to 1800
CT Class Syllabus
Syllabus - Psychology I
A Sample Assignment Format
Grade Profiles
Critical Thinking Class: Student Understandings
Structures for Student Self-Assessment
Critical Thinking Class: Grading Policies
Socratic Teaching
John Stuart Mill: On Instruction, Intellectual Development, and Disciplined Learning
Critical Thinking and Nursing

K-12 Instruction Strategies & Samples
Tactical and Structural Recommendations
Teaching Tactics that Encourage Active Learning
Using Intellectual Standards to Assess Student Reasoning
The Art of Redesigning Instruction
Making Critical Thinking Intuitive
Remodeled Lessons: K-3
Remodeled Lessons: 4-6
Remodeled Lessons: 6-9
Remodeled Lessons: High School
Strategy List: 35 Dimensions of Critical Thought
Socratic Teaching
John Stuart Mill: On Instruction, Intellectual Development, and Disciplined Learning
Introduction to Remodeling: Components of Remodels and Their Functions

For Students
Critical Thinking in Everyday Life: 9 Strategies
Developing as Rational Persons: Viewing Our Development in Stages
How to Study and Learn (Part One)
How to Study and Learn (Part Two)
How to Study and Learn (Part Three)
How to Study and Learn (Part Four)
The Art of Close Reading (Part One)
The Art of Close Reading (Part Two)
The Art of Close Reading (Part Three)
Looking to the Future with a Critical Eye: A Message for High School Graduates
Becoming a Critic of Your Thinking 
For Young Students (Elementary/K-6)

The Questioning Mind
Newton, Darwin, & Einstein
The Role of Socratic Questioning in Thinking, Teaching, & Learning 
     Complex Interdisciplinary Questions Exemplified: Ecological Sustainability
The Critical Mind Is a Questioning Mind
Three Categories of Questions: Crucial Distinctions
A History of Freedom of Thought

Issues in Critical Thinking
     Ethical Reasoning Is Essential to Education
Ethics Without Indoctrination
Engineering Reasoning
Accelerating Change
Critical Thinking and Emotional Intelligence
Critical Thinking, Moral Integrity and Citizenship
Diversity: Making Sense of It Through Critical Thinking
Natural Egocentric Dispositions
Global Change: Why C.T. Is Essential to the Community College Mission
Applied Disciplines: A Critical Thinking Model for Engineering

Classic Works Online
Reading Backwards: Classic Books Online