Translate this page from English...

*Machine translated pages not guaranteed for accuracy.

Click Here for our professional translations.


Print Page Change Text Size: T T T

Reading Backwards

“If we encountered a man of rare intelligence we should ask him what books he read.”
           -Ralph Waldo Emerson


One of the most powerful ways to educate yourself, to open your mind to alternative ways of experiencing the world, and thus to counteract the influence of social conditioning and the mass media, is to read backwards—to read books printed 10 years ago, 20 years ago, 50 years ago, 100 years ago, 200 years ago, 500 years ago, 1,000 years ago, even 2,000 years ago and more.

When you do so, you can step outside the presuppositions and ideologies of the present day and develop an informed world perspective.

When you read only in the present, no matter how extensively, you are apt to absorb widely shared misconceptions taught and believed today as the truth. The following is a sampling of authors whose writings will enable you to rethink the present, to reshape and expand your worldview.   


______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Insightful Authors Through the Ages - 

When you read backwards, you will come to understand some of the stereotypes and misconceptions of the present. You will develop a better sense of what is universal and what is relative, what is essential and what is arbitrary.

Note:  We recognize that this list of authors represents a decidedly Western worldview. We therefore recommend, once you have grounded yourself in deeply insightful authors from the Western world, that you then read works by the great Eastern authors. 

Here are some authors we recommend.......

To read the full article, come to the Center for Critical Thinking Community Online – the world’s leading online community dedicated to critical thinking! Featuring a huge number of articles, videos, books, learning activities, study groups, and even a social media component, this interactive learning platform is indispensable to anyone looking to develop as an effective reasoner in everyday work, teaching, learning, and life.

Join the community and grow with us!          


______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________






______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________









______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________





______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________






______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________







______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________







______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________